Composed by the following regions:
NORTH / CENTRAL / SOUTH
A Chilean historian once said that his country had a mad geography, as it happens to be the longest and most narrow country in the world. It is 4,200 km long, barely the same distance between Norway and Nigeria. Its width never exceeds 180 km at any point. Ranging from the dry and sterile lands of the Atacama desert in the North to the ice of Cabo de Hornos in the South, Chile possesses almost every kind of scenery and climate in the world: deserts, mountains, Mediterranean landscapes, subtropical islands, pampas, ice fields, fjords, lagoons, cold jungles and eternal ice. a perfect combination of virgin nature, service and safety.
Its special territory, with ever changing landscapes, highlights three well-defined regions, filled with nuances. The North region, starting in its border with Peru , is predominantly deserted and one of the driest places in the world. The Central region, between La Serena and Chiloe Island, has a Mediterranean climate, similar to California or the South of Europe, with rich agrarian valleys. The South region, cold and rainy, with mountains of eternal ice and an overwhelming beauty, is perhaps one of the most sought after destinations among tourists from all over the world.
Protected by the Andes , this was the last American country to be taken by the Spaniards, becoming independent in 1810. Most of its population gradually settled down in the central region of the country, near its capital city, Santiago, and its main harbor, Valparaiso. There are currently 800,000 mapuches, descendants of the first aborigines in the region, inhabiting the reservations in the south of the country. Much of their cultural life can still be appreciated.
Over 80 % of the country is covered with mountains, and most of the rest is forested. Thus, the agricultural industry is mainly concentrated in the central area, with valleys watered by the rivers coming from the Andes, and where cereals, vegetables and its famous grapevines, cradle of famous Chilean wines, renowned in every market, are produced. Chile is also the first world exporter of copper, obtained in the North. There is also an incipient iron and steel industry. Its exceptional coastline facilitates a good fishing production. The extensive woods of the south display a great richness of wood, most of which has not been exploited yet.
Chile 's ever changing landscapes and climatic diversity turn it into a very attractive tourist destination, worth visiting at any time of the year. The challenges of the adventure tourism in the North, the peace of its beaches, the charm of its central cities and the imposing beauty of the Chilean Patagonia in the South, are some of the spots that visitors simply cannot miss. However, the tourist possibilities offered by the country go much further, and its tourist industry is experiencing a permanent growth. The industry is supported by an excellent hotel and service network, the warmth of its people, the stability of its economy and the safety, so appreciated by visitors, of all its destinations, both in urban areas and in the faraway regions of the North and South.